… will see humans and robots in completely new relationships. Intelligent machines will provide the necessities of human life, humans and robots will act together and cooperate in the exploration of new worlds. The recent International Symposium on Moon 2020–2030 in Noordwijk, organized by ESA, concentrated on the technological aspects. At the same time, the more sociologically oriented book The Meaning of Liberty Beyond Earth, edited by Charles Cockell, skips the role of robots in future extraterrestrial societies completely. Both approaches need to converge. It is not too early to discuss and develop a vision for the peaceful und fruitful co-existence of humans and robots in outer space.